Your\nattic does a lot more than storing your extra stuff.\n\n\n\nFor\none, it is an essential part of your roof, which makes it a defensive barrier\nto all elements outside. Secondly, it protects your property and loved ones\nfrom the heat, humidity, and cold. \n\n\n\n\n\n\n\nHowever,\nif you want the attic to do its job correctly, you should insulate it. An\nuninsulated attic can compromise your home\u2019s safety, energy efficiency, and\ncomfort. Uninsulated walls allow heat and moisture to move through building\nmaterials and result in heat gain in summer. As a result, you need more heating\nand cooling equipment to maintain temperature. \nPlus, cracks in the attic give way to bats, pests, and critters to make\ntheir home inside yours. \n\n\n\nAs per the North American Insulation Manufacturers Association (NAIMA), almost 90% of American single-family homes are under-insulated.\n\n\n\n Is Your\nAttic Insulated Enough?\n\n\n\nThere\nare some common problems associated with attic insulation. If you notice any\none of these, you might need better insulation.\n\n\n\n1. Odd Temperatures\n\n\n\nCheck\nif any room or a part of the ceiling seems warmer or colder than the others.\nWhen rooms have odd temperature changes, there is a high chance that the\ninsulation in the area is poor and you need to upgrade it. \n\n\n\n2. Drafty Rooms\n\n\n\nIf\nyou feel cold or warm air coming inside your home, make sure that the attic is adequately\ninsulated. Spray foam insulation seals and insulates are ideal for cracks\naround the attic. Air sealing is a technique that eliminates all holes, cracks,\nand gaps that allow air transfer inside and outside. As a result, you can\nmaintain the desired temperature. Keep in mind that air sealing requires some\ndegree of attic ventilation. A professional installer can help you with the\nattic ventilation system, too. \n\n\n\n3. High Energy Bills\n\n\n\n\n\n\n\nHigher\nenergy bills are an easy way to identify insulation needs. If you pay huge bills\nevery few weeks, it is a sign that your HVAC is working harder to compensate\nfor the energy loss in your home. While smaller leaks may lead to marginal\nincrease in bills, more substantial leaks may cost you hundreds of dollars in\nno time.\n\n\n\n4. Water Leaks in the Attic\n\n\n\nAs\npoor insulation lets heat out of the home, it also lets water in. When you\nnotice a leaky attic, the chances are that there\u2019s a problem with the\ninsulation. Water in the attic can damage wood beams, insulation, and your\nceiling, too. Not to mention, mold and mildew thrive in damp conditions.\nIncreasing air circulation and controlling water damage are critical steps to\ndry out your attic. If not attended in time, it can lead to costly problems like\nroof repair or internal damage in the future, so give leaks prompt attention. \n\n\n\nOnce\nyou realize that there is a problem with the insulation in the attic, it\u2019s time\nto take action. With the right insulation, you can enjoy the following\nbenefits:\n\n\n\n\n\n\n\nLower\nheating billsImprove\nthe energy efficiency ratingReduce\nyour carbon footprintIncrease\nthe home\u2019s value Less\nHVAC wear and tear Better\nindoor air quality and comfort A safe\nhome structure as insulation prevents gradual damage from heat and moisture \n\n\n\nHow Much Insulation Do You\nNeed?\n\n\n\nR-value is the measure of the insulation\u2019s ability to resist heat\nflow. A higher R-value translates into the better thermal performance of your\ninsulation. On average, the ideal insulation is R-38 or 10-14 inches in the\nattic. \n\n\n\nAdding the Right Type of Attic Insulation\n\n\n\nThe two common types of insulation include loose-fill and batt (battery insulation). You can add them to an uninsulated attic or can even layer it over existing material. \n\n\n\nLoose Fill\n\n\n\nIt comprises small\nclumps of recycled items like cellulose, mineral wool, or fiberglass. Professionals can install it using special equipment\nwherein they spray it on your attic floor and wall cavities. If you choose\ncellulose insulation, it might lose up to 20% of its R-value. That\u2019s why it\u2019s a\ngood idea to install a little extra to offset the loss.\n\n\n\nWorks Best for:\n\n\n\nAttics\nthat have non-standard joist spacingAttics\nwith existing insulation that needs a top up as it can fill gaps and joints\nwellLow-clearance\nattics that have less headroom for installation Lofts\nwith many obstructions or penetrations \n\n\n\nBatt and Roll Insulation\n\n\n\n\n\n\n\nBlanket insulation\nis flexible and often comes packed in rolls of various thicknesses and some\nstandard widths. The usual width is 16 inches and 24 inches to fit the joists\nor studs in your home\u2019s framing. \n\n\n\nThis insulation comprises\nfiberglass, plastic fibers, or natural fibers like cotton. You can get the roll\nwith or without a paper or foil facing that acts as a vapor barrier. For the\nright level of insulation, you can always add layers of the blanket. On\naverage, roll insulation costs less compared to other insulation types. \n\n\n\nWorks Best for:\n\n\n\nAttics\nwithout an insulation Attics\nwith a standard joist spacingLofts\nthat have ample headroom for smooth installationHomeowners\nlooking for a cost-effective solution \n\n\n\nWith the right insulation in your attic, you can cut your energy bills by 30%. Not to mention, your family will love the extra heat and comfortable environment during winters. As insulation can last up to 40 years, your investment will ensure high returns, too! \n\n\n\nRead More Here\n\n\n\nAUTHOR: John Despeaux\n\n\n\nJohn Despeaux is the owner of Guardian Roofing, a roofing Houston, TX company specializing in residential and commercial roof installation and repair. Guardian goes above and beyond and offers customers insurance support and a team of 80+ dedicated roofing Houston, TX experts.